Baldwin County was formed on the frontier in 1803 by the Georgia General Assembly from lands transferred by the Creek Nation a year earlier. A later agreement with the Creek Nation led to another act of the legislature, which extended Baldwin County to the new state boundary of the Ocmulgee River. Other counties -- the current-day Morgan, Jones, Putnam and Jasper counties -- were later split off from Baldwin County, which was shifted eastward. The county is named after Abraham Baldwin, a signer from Georgia of the U.S. Constitution, a Georgia legislator and a founder of the University of Georgia.
Milledgeville was laid out as the state capitol in 1803, designated the state capitol in 1804, incorporated as a town in 1806, and hosted state offices through 1867. One book, “Georgia Place Names,” said it’s the only American city established to become a state’s capital. It is named after John Milledge, who donated land to establish the University of Georgia.
Union Gen. William T. Sherman’s troops occupied and vandalized the city in 1864 during the March to the Sea. The state capitol was moved to Atlanta in 1868.
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BALDWIN COUNTY GOVERNMENT
Baldwin County Board of Commissioners, Baldwin County Courthouse, 121 N. Wilkinson St., Milledgeville, 478-445-4791
The Baldwin County government’s elected officials include five county commissioners.
Board of Registrars, 121 N. Wilkinson St., Suite 102, Milledgeville, 478-445-4526
Georgia Department of Driver Services, 200 Carl Vinson Road, Milledgeville, 866-754-3687
Baldwin County Tax Commissioner, Baldwin County Courthouse, 121 N. Wilkinson St., Suite 112, Milledgeville, 8:30 a.m.-4:45 p.m. Monday-Friday, 478-445-4813
Milledgeville City Hall, 119 E. Hancock St., 478-414-4092
The city’s elected officials include a mayor and six City Council members.
Baldwin County Sheriff’s Office, 911 or 478-445-4726
Baldwin County Fire Rescue, 911 or 478-445-4421
Milledgeville Police Department, 911 or 478-414-4000
Milledgeville Fire Department, 911 or 478-414-4030
2012 estimate: 46,367
Change, 2000 to 2010: 2.3 percent
White: 55.6 percent
Black: 41.3 percent
Hispanic: 2.1 percent
High school or better: 81 percent
Bachelor’s or better: 19.3 percent
Public high school graduates, 2011: 259
Graduation rate, 2011: 67.7 percent
Public school enrollment, October 2012: 5,467
Eligible for HOPE scholarship: 22.8 percent
Enrolled, white: 30 percent
Enrolled, black: 65 percent
Median household income, 2011: $34,304
People below poverty level: 28.7 percent
Unemployment rate, December 2013: 9.7
Civilian labor force, December 2013: 16,762
Births per 1,000 people, 2010: 10.8
Deaths per 1,000 people, 2010: 8.3
Births to unwed mothers, 2010: 62.1 percent
Teen pregnancies per 1,000 girls aged 10 to 19: 27.3
People per physician, 2010: 384
Uninsured, less than age 65: 20.2 percent
TANF recipients, Fiscal 2011: 0.5 percent
Land: 257.8 square miles
Land in farms: 18 percent
Road mileage, unpaved, 2010: 8.1 percent
Sources: Telegraph analysis, Georgia Statistics System, U.S. Census Bureau, Georgia Department of Labor, Georgia Department of Education