Jones County

May 4, 2014 

Jones County

Jones County was the 30th county created in Georgia, in 1807. Originally part of Baldwin County, it was named for James Jones, a prominent Savannah attorney, Georgia legislator and U.S. Congressman.

The county seat since 1905 and the only incorporated municipality is Gray. The town was originally known as James in honor of the man whose land it was on, James H. Blount. It was changed to Gray to honor James Madison Gray, a major financier of the Confederacy.

The Ocmulgee River, the restored Jarrell Plantation and the Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge are located in the county.

Jones County was the site of the first iron foundry in Georgia, founded in 1820 by Samuel Griswold from Connecticut to produce cotton gins. His factories and properties were destroyed by the Union forces because he made guns and ammunition for the Confederacy.

Old Clinton, built in 1809, was a center for New England settlers whose influence is reflected in the architecture of the town. The houses stand close to the streets, which ran out from a central square. In 1860, this was the county seat and the fourth-largest city in the state. Clinton was one of 187 inactive municipalities to lose its charter in 1995, as a result of a 1993 act of the General Assembly. It had lost most of its population to Gray in the 1890s when the residents rejected having the railroad pass through.

JONES COUNTY GOVERNMENT

Jones County Board of Commissioners, 166 Industrial Blvd., 478-986-6405

GRAY CITY GOVERNMENT

City Hall, 109 James St., Gray, 478-986-5433

Voter registration

Jones County Government Center, 166 Industrial Blvd., Gray, 478-986-3222, 8:30 a.m.-5 p.m. Monday-Friday

Driver’s licenses

No place in Jones County. Officials advise that licenses can be obtained at the Drivers License Bureau, 200 Cherry St., Terminal Station, Macon from 8 a.m.-6 p.m. Tuesday-Saturday, 478-751-6031

Auto tags

Jones County Tax Commissioner’s Office, Jones County Government Center, Gray, 478-986-6538, 8:30 a.m.-4:45 p.m. Monday-Friday

Emergency numbers

Police Department, 911 or 478-986-5554

Sheriff’s Office, 911 or 478-986-3489

Fire, 911 or 478-986-6672 in Jones County, or 478-986-5433 in Gray

POPULATION

2012 estimate: 28,577

Change, 2000 to 2010: 21.3 percent

White: 73.5 percent

Black: 24.5 percent

Hispanic: 1.3 percent

EDUCATION

High school or better: 85.4 percent

Bachelor’s or better: 17.2 percent

Public high school graduates, 2011: 339

Graduation rate, 2011: 72.1 percent

Public school enrollment, October 2012: 5,525

Eligible for HOPE scholarship: 38.7 percent

Enrolled, white: 69.4 percent

Enrolled, black: 26.7 percent

ECONOMICS

Median household income, 2011: $47,792

People below poverty level: 14.2 percent

Unemployment rate, December 2013: 6.2

Civilian labor force, December 2013: 14,441

HEALTH

Births per 1,000 people, 2010: 12.2

Deaths per 1,000 people, 2010: 8.5

Births to unwed mothers, 2010: 46.7 percent

Teen pregnancies per 1,000 girls aged 10 to 19: 20.4

People per physician, 2010: 7,167

Uninsured, less than age 65: 19 percent

TANF recipients, Fiscal 2011: 0.4 percent

PHYSICAL

Land: 395.4 square miles

Land in farms: 12.8 percent

Road mileage, unpaved, 2010: 34 percent

Sources: Telegraph analysis, Georgia Statistics System, U.S. Census Bureau, Georgia Department of Labor, Georgia Department of Education

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